- Legal issues associated to capture technologies;
- CO2 transportation for storage;
- The regulation of CO2 storage;
- Introductory session for the IEA Model CCS Legal & Regulatory framework: Aims and objectives;
- Regulation of CCS finance and role of market mechanisms - with a presentation of the present blog's author -;
- Public participation in decision making: legal and policy constraints;
- Interactive session: Discussion of objectives and model and more detailed presentation of the IEA framework.
Arcelor not Admissible to Challenge the Validity of the Emissions Trading Directive and To Receive Damages
Post to be completed with further analysis.
- ERCOT - Electric Reliability Council of Texas. Covers: Texas.
- M-RETS - Midwest Renewable Energy Tracking System. Covers: Illinois, Iowa, Manitoba, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
- MIRECS - Michigan Rneewable Energy Certification System. Covers: Michigan.
- NARR - North American Renewables Registry. Covers: Alabama, Alaska, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee.
- NARR/PJM-GATS - NARR/PJM Generation Attribute Tracking System, which is an overlapping scheme. Covers: Indiana, New Jersey and Ohio.
- NEPOOL GIS - NEPOOL General Information System. Covers: Connectivut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhoe Island, Vermont.
- North Carolina Renewable Tracking System. Under development.
- NYSERDA - New York State Energy Research and Development Authority. Covers: New York.
- PJM-GATS. Covers: Delaware, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, New Jersey, North Carolina, Ohio, Pensylvania, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia and the District of Columbia.
- WREGIS - Westen Renewable Energy Generation Information System. Covers: Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming; Canadian provinces Alberta and Britisk Columbia. (Source: Green Power Network.)
Tracking systems for electricity generation attributes are well established now, and are developing further towards a total covering of the national US territory. Electricity tracking goes beyond grid barriers, which allows for some synergies. This is at least true in principles. Some of the remaining barriers to trade attributes between tracking systems for compliance are the subject of one of my forthcoming articles entitled "Terms and Conditions of Renewable Energy Certificates Trading in the United States", in EU Energy Law and Policy Issues, ELRF Collection (Euroconfidentiel, March 2010). Going beyong state and electricity grid barriers form also part of joint ambitions and business opportunities in the realisation of renewable energy goals in the US, based on complementary natural resources. A follow-up question would here be: Could we already speak about "a" US renewable energy market"?
These announcements also underline the possible integration of energy savings within the scope of electricity attributes. There is indeed a growing interest in white certificates in the United States, with some few concrete realisations however.
Picture: National REC Tracking System Map, Green Power Network.